What is Merchant Initiated Transaction | Solidgate

Merchant Initiated Transaction


Merchant Initiated Transaction (MIT) is a type of electronic payment where the merchant initiates the transaction on behalf of the customer, often in a recurring or subscription-based model. Unlike traditional customer-initiated transactions, such as online purchases, MITs occur without the direct involvement of the customer during each transaction. Examples include subscription renewals, installment payments, or scheduled billing cycles.

MITs require prior explicit consent from the customer during the initial purchase to enable future recurring payments without their direct involvement. When obtaining authorization, the merchant identifies installments or recurring billings so issuing banks permit upcoming scheduled charges. Customers only need to intervene to cancel or update the pre-authorized arrangements.

Subscription-based MITs allow merchants to regularly bill customers for ongoing services according to a fixed schedule without additional authentication. As the cardholder verified the initial subscription purchase, subsequent MIT charges pose minimal fraud risks if executed under compliant conditions. Therefore, MITs may qualify for SCA exemptions under PSD2 authorization rules, streamlining recurring collections for merchants bound by EU and UK regulations.

MITs facilitate automated recurring payments initiated by the merchant per a prior cardholder agreement. Compliant execution of scheduled installments or subscriptions increases efficiency for merchants while providing customers convenience and transparency around long-term financial commitments.


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